It is not uncommon for condensation to form on windows in your home during the cold winter months. With homes becoming “tighter” and more energy efficient – condensation on windows can be a year-round problem.
Water droplets that collect on windows will eventually pool on the windowsill and window woodwork causing wood rot and mold / mildew.
This article is designed to provide you with a better understanding of what condensation is and how to minimize it.
Whenever there is excess humidity in a home, it manifests itself in the form of condensation on the coldest area of a wall, which is normally the windows. The warmer the air, the more moisture it will retain, so when air in your home comes in contact with the colder glass surface, it is subsequently cooled and moisture is released in the form of condensation on the glass.
CONDENSATION PROBLEMS IN THE WINTER MONTHS:
Typically – cold outdoor temperatures in the winter coupled with excess humidity indoors are the main source of window condensation.
Many homeowners elect to use portable humidifiers or install whole house humidifiers to combat the dry air produced by a conventional forced air heating system. Unfortunately, a humidifier is often the source of moisture that causes condensation – especially when outdoor temperatures dip below 10 degrees fahrenheit.
Above, see a table listing the optimum indoor relative humidity levels at different outdoor temperatures.
Manual humidistats (humidifier controls) are designed to maintain a constant level of relative humidity. So, what happens when a humdifier keeps the indoor relative humidity at 45% – but the temperature drops to below zero? Answer – pools of water on your windowsills.
What is the solution to this problem? The automatic, or compensating humidistat solves the problem. This type of humidifier control works with an outdoor sensor to automatically reduce the call for humidity when it is especially cold outside. Most major manufacturers are now shipping their whole house humidifiers with an automatic control.
Aprilaire now ships the # 58 automatic humidistat with it’s “A” series of humidifiers (Aprilaire 600A, 700A, 400A, 500A). Honeywell has the H1008A1008 control with optional outdoor sensor. GeneralAire has developed the E2 automatic digital humidistat with outdoor sensor that also has an automatic control feature. Additionally, you can purchase thermostats with built in humidistats that incorporate an auto control feature. A thermostat with a humidity control can simplify your life by reducing multiple controls down to one. The best example of a control that does it all is the Honeywell VisionPro IAQ. NOTE: Honeywell calls the automatic control of humidity in cold climates “frost protection.”
WINDOW CONDENSATION PROBLEMS IN THE SUMMER MONTHS:
Although generally high humidity is a common issue in the Summer months – it does not typically manifest itself as window condensation on the inside of the home. Summer condensation occurs when the outside window surface is cooler than the dew point temperature of the outside air. In the southeast US, summer dew point temperatures range from about 65F to 75F. When temperatures inside the building are within this range, summer condensation problems can occur. Since it’s not possible to control the temperature or humidity outside – there is not much that can be done other than turning your air conditioning up, or buying high quality windows that reduce radiant heat transfer.
OTHER CONDENSATION / HIGH HUMIDITY PROBLEMS INSIDE THE HOME:
Condensation issues can occur in other places in the home where humidity is high. With homes becoming “tighter” and more energy efficient – it can be difficult to control high humidity. We occaisionally receive calls from customers who have high humidity issues in the dead of Winter – a time of the year where dryness in the home has been the enemy in the past. In a tight home with high humidity problems – one must Introduce active humidity removal equipment (dehumidifiers) to the home, provide controlled infiltration of fresh air from the outdoors and/or provide increased ventilation or exhaust of stale air from the home.
Here are some tips for reducing humidty in the home that don’t require any major purchases:
* Use exhaust fans in your kitchen, laundry and bathrooms.
* Vent gas burners, clothes dryers, etc. to the outdoors.
* Shut off furnace humidifiers and other humidifying devices in your home.
* Be sure that the ventilating louvers in your attic, basement or crawl spaces are open and amply sized.
* Open fireplace dampers to allow an escape route for moisture-laden air.
* Air out your house a few minutes each day.